Indian Journal of Medical Research

Guidelines for Contributors






The Indian Journal of Medical Research-a monthly Journal with international circulation, entertains original communications on all aspects of biomedical research that contribute significantly to the advancement of knowledge in medical sciences. It is issued monthly, in two volumes per year.

Manuscripts dealing with clinical aspects will also be considered, provided they contain the results of original investigations. Papers of routine nature which are merely records of interesting cases as also those dealing with modifications of routine methodology will not be encouraged. Further, serialization of articles by the same author(s) into various parts (1,2,3 etc.) is strongly discouraged. In such cases the authors are advised to submit independent papers with self-sufficient titles, and text.

The IJMR strongly discourages duplication/repetition of data already published in other journals (even when certain cosmetic changes/additions are made). If and when duplication is detected after publishing in IJMR, the Journal will be forced to `retract' such articles.

All papers accepted are subject to editorial modifications.




Submission of manuscripts

Manuscripts can be submitted in an electronic format (in addition to the hard copies) in a 3.5" floppy diskette in MS Word. Manuscript should be submitted with the undertaking that it is not under consideration elsewhere and the findings have not been reported earlier partly/totally. It is necessary that all the authors give an undertaking (in the format specified by the Journal) indicating their consent to be co-authors in the sequence indicated on the title page. A senior author may sign the Undertaking by Authors for a junior author who has left the institution and whose whereabouts are not known and take the responsibility. Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to (a) either conception and design or else analysis and interpretation of data and to (b) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and on (c) final approval of the version to be published. All three conditions must be met. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is also not sufficient for authorship. Any part of an article critical to its main conclusions must be the responsibility of at least one author.

A paper with corporate (collective) authorship must specify the key persons responsible for the article; others contributing to the work should be recognized separately. Typescripts in triplicate should be sent to the Editor, The Indian Journal of Medical Research, Indian Council of Medical Research, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110029.



Preparation of Manuscripts

Authors are advised to see a recent issue of the Journal to get familiar with the format adopted in respect of various elements of a paper.

Manuscripts should be presented in as concise a form as possible, typewritten in double space on one side of good quality bond paper (21.0 x 29.7 cm). Pages should be numbered consecutively and the contents arranged in the following order:- Title; Name(s) of the author(s): Department(s) and Institution(s); Abstract; Key words: Introduction; Material & Methods; Results; Discussion; Acknowledgment; and References. Abstract, Tables and legends for Figures should be typed on separate pages and not in continuation of the main text.


Title of the article should be short, continuous (broken or hyphenated titles are not acceptable) and yet sufficiently descriptive and informative so as to be useful in indexing and information retrieval. A short running title not exceeding 6-7 words may also be provided.


The abstracts should be brief and indicate the scope and significant results of the paper. It should only highlight the principal findings and conclusions so that it can be used by abstracting services without modification. Conclusions and recommendations not found in the text of the articles should not be inserted in the Abstract. A set of suitable key words arranged alphabetically may be provided. All manuscripts should have a structured abstract (of about 250 words) with subheadings background & objectives, methods, results and interpretation  conclusions..


Introduction should be brief and state precisely the scope of the paper. Review of the literature should be restricted to reasons for undertaking the present study and provide only the most essential background.

Material & Methods

The nomenclature, the source of material and equipment used, with the manufacturers details in parenthesis, should be clearly mentioned. The procedures adopted should be explicitly stated to enable other workers to reproduce the results, if necessary. New methods may be described in sufficient detail and indicating their limitations. Established methods can be just mentioned with authentic references and significant deviations, if any given, with reasons for adopting them. When reporting experiments on human subjects, it should be indicated whether the procedures followed were in accord with the ethical standards on human experimentation. When reporting experiments on animals, procedures adopted for the care and use of laboratory animals need to be mentioned. They must provide information regarding the source of the animals, the strains, age, weight, sex, housing and nutrition. The drugs and chemicals used should be precisely identified, including generic name(s), dosage(s) and route(s) of administration.

The statistical analysis done and statistical significance of the findings when appropriate, should be mentioned. Unless absolutely necessary for a clear understanding of the article, detailed description, of statistical treatment may be avoided. Articles based heavily on statistical considerations, however, need to give details particularly when new or uncommon methods are employed. Standard and routine statistical methods employed need to give only authentic References.


Only such data as are essential for understanding the discussion and main conclusions emerging from the study should be included. The data should be arranged in unified and coherent sequence so that the report develops clearly and logically. Data presented in tables and figures should not be repeated in the text. Only important observations need to be emphasized or summarised. The same data should not be presented both in tabular and graphic forms. Interpretation of the data should be taken up only under the Discussion and not under Results.


Long, rambling and involved discussions should be scrupulously avoided. The discussion should deal with the interpretation of results without repeating information already presented under Results. It should relate new findings to the known ones and include logical deductions.

The conclusions can be linked with the goals of the study but unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by the data should be avoided. Claiming of priority on work that is ongoing should also be avoided. All hypotheses should, if warranted, clearly be labelled as such; recommendations may be included as part of the Discussion, only when considered absolutely necessary and relevant.


Acknowledgment should be brief and made for specific scientific and technical assistance only and not for providing routine departmental facilities and encouragement or for help in the preparation of the manuscripts (including typing or secretarial assistance).


The total number of References should normally be restricted to a maximum of 30.

References to literature cited should be numbered consecutively and placed at the end of the manuscript. In the text they should be indicated above the line (superior). As far as possible mentioning names of author(s) under references should be avoided in text.

Journal : The titles of the journals should be abbreviated according to the style used by the Index Medicus. The list of journals indexed, published annually, in the January issue in the Index Medicus may be consulted.

In citing reference to research papers published in scientific journals, list all authors, but if the number exceeds six, list six followed by "et al".

Gupta GS, Kinsky RG. Effect of immunization with sperm specific lactate dehydrogenase with and without muramyl dipeptide as adjuvant. Indian J Med Res 1994; 100 : 98-105.

  • Organization as author

The Royal Marsden Hospital Bone-Marrow Transplantation Team. Failure of syngeneic bone-marrow graft without preconditioning in post-hepatitis marrow aplasia. Lancet 1977; 2 : 742-4.

  • No author given

Coffee drinking and cancer of the pancreas [editorial]. BMJ 1981; 283:628.

  • Article in a foreign language

Massone L, Borghi S, Pestarino A, Piccini R, Gambini C. Localisations palmaires purpuriques de la dermatite herpetiforme. Ann Dermatol Venereol 1987; 114 : 1545-7.

  • Volume with supplement

Magni F, Rossoni G, Berti F. BN-52021 protects guinea-pig from heart anaphylaxis. Pharmacol Res Commun 1988; 20 Suppl 5:75-8.

Books and other monographs :

  • Personal author(s)

Colson JH, Armour WJ. Sports injuries and their treatment. 2nd rev. ed. London : S. Paul; 1986.

  • Editor(s) or compiler(s) as author(s)

Satyavati G V, Raina M K, Sharma M, editors. Medicinal plants of India, vol. I. New Delhi : Indian Council of Medical Research; 1976.

  • Organization as author and publisher

Virginia Law Foundation. The medical and legal implications of AIDS. Charlottesville: The Foundation; 1987.

  • Chapter in a book

Weinstein L, Swartz MN. Pathogenic properties of invading microorganisms. In : Sodeman WA Jr., Sodeman WA, editors. Pathologic physiology: mechanisms of disease. Philadelphia: Saunders; 1974 pp 457-72.

  • Conference proceedings

Vivian VL, editor. Child abuse and neglect : a medical community response. Proceedings of the First AMA National Conference in Child Abuse and Neglect; 1984 Mar 30-31; Chicago, Chicago: American Medical Association; 1985.

  • Conference paper

Harley NH. Comparing radon daughter dosimetric and risk models. In : Gammage RB, Kaye SV, editors, Indoor air and human health. Proceedings of the Seventh Life Sciences Symposium; 1984 Oct 29-31; Knoxville (TN). Chelsea (MI) : Lewis; 1985 pp 69-78.

  • Scientific or technical report

Akutsu T. Total heart replacement device. Bethesda (MD) : National Institutes of Health, National Heart and Lung Institute; 1974 Apr. Report No. : NIH-NHLI-69-2185-4.

  • Dissertation

Thesis (doctorate) : Satyanarayana K. Some biochemical studies on the tenotomized gastoonemius muscles, of frog, Rana hexadactyla (Lesson), Ph.D. thesis. Tirupati: Sri Venkateswara University; 1976.

  • Patent

Harred JF, Knight AR, McIntyre JS; inventors; Dow Chemical Company, assignee. Epoxidation process. US patent 3.654.317. 1972 Apr 4.

Unpublished material :

  • In press

Lillywhite HB, Donald JA. Pulmonary blood flow regulation in an aquatic snake. Science. In press.

  • Unpublished data/personal communications: Unpublished data and personal communications should be indicated in the text itself and not numbered.

(i) (Swami KS, unpublished work); (ii) (Swami KS, personal communication); (iii) (National Institute of Nutrition, unpublished data).

All references given must be original and complete. References "cited by" and "quoted by" from other publications should be avoided.


Tables should be typed separately and numbered consecutively with Roman numerals (I, II, III, etc). They should bear brief title and column headings should also be short. Units of measurement should be abbreviated and placed below the headings. Statistical measurement variations such as SD and SE should be identified. Inclusion of structural formule in Tables should be avoided. Also, Tables should not be submitted as photographs.


Three sets of illustrations (one set original and 2 copies) should be submitted, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals.

Line drawings should be made on good quality tracing paper of Bristol board. Letters, numbers and symbols should be clear in the figures and of sufficient size, so that when reduced, they could be accommodated in single column (8.5 cm) or double column (17.0 x 21.0 cm) without loss in clarity. Titles and explanation of symbols in the legends for illustrations, should be typed on separate pages.

Photographs, to be submitted in duplicate, should be unmounted and numbered consecutively. The title of the paper and authors name(s) and `Top' indicated with an arrow should be pencilled on the back of the photographs. The pictures should be good quality prints on glossy paper showing sufficient total contrast. Their sizes should conform to single (8.5 x 21.0 cm) or double (17.0 x 21.0 cm) column sizes. All the illustrations must be protected by thick card board packing against damages during transit.

Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers regarding details of magnification to facilitate reduction in size in final print. Symbols, arrows and letters used in the photomicrographs should contrast with the background. Otherwise, the same may be indicated on the copies only which will be transferred onto the originals by the Editorial Office at the time of publication.

All published material should be acknowledged and copyright material should be submitted along with the written permission of the copyright holder.

Colour illustrations are also acceptable.

Enzyme Nomenclature

For enzymes, only the trivial names recommended by the IUPAC-IUB Commission should be used. At its first citation in the text of the paper its code number and systematic name should be indicated.


Only standard abbreviations are to be use. The CBE Style Manual Committee, Council of Biology Editors Style Manual; A Guide to Authors, Editors and Publishers in Biological Sciences, 4th ed. (Council of Biology Editors, Arlington) may be consulted for additional standard abbreviations. The abbreviations should conform to the International System of Units (SI), The SI for the Health Professionals (World Health Organization, Geneva) 1977. The title of the article should not contain abbreviations. The full term for which the abbreviation stands should be given after its first use in the text unless it is a standard units of measurement.

The abbreviations should be used in the text, tables and illustrations without a full stop.  

Molar (mole/litre) M*    counts per minute      cpm  
milli molar (m mole/litre) mM Curie Ci  
Micromolar (mole/litre) æM  rad rad  
mole (quantity of substance) mol  Roentgen R  
normal  N   gravity  g  
metre  m  ortho  o
centimetre  cm meta    m  
square centimetre cm2  para p  
millimeter  mm    intramuscular  im
micrometre æm  intraperitoneal  ip
nanometre  nm intravenous iv  
picometre pm subcutaneous  sc
mg/100 ml mg/dl oral po  
Angstrom  lethal dose-50  LD50
litre l  Ampere A  
millilitre ml milli Ampere mA
microlitre  æl Watt  W
gram g  anti meridiem (before noon) am  
milligram mg post meridiem (after noon) pm
kilogram kg volume vol  
hour(s) h volume ratio vol/vol  
minute(s) min (volume per volume)  
second(s) sec  weight wt  
week(s) wk weight per volume wt/vol
year(s) yr weight ratio wt/wt  
revolutions per minute rpm (weight per weight)  


* Should not be used as an abbreviation for mole.


Proofs and Reprints

Authors of accepted articles are supplied 2 sets of printer's proofs and a reprint order form. Corrections on the proof should be restricted to printer's errors only and no substantial additions/deletions should be made. No change in the names of the authors (by way of additions and deletions) is permissible at the proof stage. If there are valid reasons for such a change, after acceptance of a paper, the permission of the Editor must be sought. The reprint order form must be completed and returned to the Editorial Office along with the corrected proof. Thirty reprints are supplied gratis for papers with single author and 50 in case of more than one author. Additional reprints may be obtained on payment.

Proof-reading marks may be obtained, on request, from the Editorial Office.



 Undertaking by Authors


We, the undersigned, give an undertaking to the following effect with regard to our article
entitled "

submitted for publication in the Indian Journal of Medical Research :-

1. The article mentioned above has not been published or submitted to or accepted for publication in any form, in any other journal.

2. We also vouchsafe that the authorship of this article will not be contested by anyone whose name(s) is/are not listed by us here.

3. We also agree to the authorship of the article in the following sequence:-

              Authors' Names (in sequence)                                    Signature of Authors

1. ______________________________               ______________________________

2. ______________________________               ______________________________

3. ______________________________               ______________________________

4. ______________________________               ______________________________

5. ______________________________               ______________________________

6. ______________________________               ______________________________

7. ______________________________               ______________________________

8. ______________________________               ______________________________


1. All the authors are required to sign independently in this form in the sequence given above. In case an author has left the institution/country and whose whereabouts are not known, the senior author may sign on his/her behalf taking the responsibility.

2. Each author should have generated at least a part of the intellectual content of the paper.

3. Each author should be able to defend publicly in the scientific community, that intellectual content of the paper for which he/she can take responsibility.

4. No addition/deletion/ or any change in the sequence of the authorship will be permissible at a later stage, without valid reasons and permission of the Editor.

5. If the authorship is contested at any stage, the article will be either returned or will not be processed for publication till the issue is solved.