||> 90% of standard
||75 to < 90 of standard
||60 to 75% of standard
||< 60% of standard
Group II & III were pooled for analysis as
number of children in group III were too small for valid conclusions. Physical growth pattern & have been analyzed for Normal,
Grade 1 and Grade II + III malnutrition groups separately.
A total of 6829 children, identified through
a door to door household survey were enrolled in this study.
The study sample included similar number of children from
both sexes. The total number of children enrolled at each
centre varied between 839 at Hyderabad to 1056 at Delhi (Table
1). Household information on each child including family structure,
religion, household facilities and economic status was collected
during household survey.
The children in this study came from 5 rural
areas covered by Chandigarh, Hyderabad, Jabalpur, Vellore
and Varanasi and two urban slum areas taken by Delhi and Vellore.
More than 50 per cent of children from all areas except Varanasi
belonged to nuclear family. The percentage of nuclear families
varied between 46 (Varanasi) to 15 percent (Delhi slum, area).
More than 90 per cent of rural families were Hindu. The percentage
of Muslims was between 1 to 3 per cent in all rural areas
about 1 per cent in Delhi slum area and 28 per cent in Vellore
slum area. Others included Sikhs, about 6 per cent in Chandigarh
and 5 per cent in Delhi and Christians ( about 4 % in Delhi
and 2 % in Vellore ).
In rural areas less than 3 per cent were
staying in rented accommodation, 30 per cent in Delhi and
42 per cent in Vellore urban were staying in rented accommodation.
In rural areas 43 (Jabalpur) to 90 (Chandigarh) per cent families
had separate kitchen. In Delhi 54 per cent and in Vellore
urban area 13 per cent households had separate kitchen. The
fuel used was cow dung or firewood in more than 90 per cent
of the rural households. In urban slum area of Vellore also
51 per cent households Used dung or firewood. Only in study
area Of Delhi more than 90 per cent families were using Cooking
gas or kerosene oil.
Sanitation was poor for majority of the households
in all the study areas. Within the premises defecation facility
was available only in the Delhi study area to 64 per cent
of the families, in Vellore urban slum area majority Were
dependent on public facility and in all rural areas