Child health forms one of the important components of health
planning in Our country. Though a number of child care programmes
have been formulated to promote physical development, there
has hitherto been minimal emphasis on the psychological
and social aspects of develop1i1ent. In order to achieve
healthy child development in a global form, it is necessary
to incorporate various psychological and social interventions
into the existing programmes dealing with nutrition, infection
control and immunization.
Most child care programmes focus exclusively on the mother
and her potentials in adopting newer methods of child rearing.
However, very often because of the presence of adverse factors
in the family and environment, the mother is unable to incorporate
and utilise the important knowledge. It is hence essential
that the target person in child development programmes (i.e.,
the mother) be viewed in the context of her immediate family
and neighbourhood and any problems in those areas be resolved.
This can be achieved only if the whole family is involved
in the intervention process.
There are two important ways in which family intervention
and involvement helps in child development.
- The family forms the basis of an individual's life
and to facilitate any change in the individual it is necessary
to make changes in the family. Work on 'child development
has convincingly demonstrated that mothers play an important
role. Any change in the mothers attitude or functioning
can be brought about only through the family's cooperation
- The other important aspect of family intervention is
the fact that the intellectual, emotional and social functioning
of a child is to a large extent modulated by the family.
The family's life style and ways of functioning have to
be healthy in order to promote optimal development in
This document aims at helping the user acquire knowledge
about healthy psychosocial development of the child, the
factors affecting it and also helps the user in acquiring
skills to make necessary interventions in the family.