The three centers varied in the age distribution of women.
Bangalore and Delhi Centres had a larger number of young women
(20-29 years) while the Lucknow Centre had more women who
were older (> 30 years).
Illiteracy was more in Lucknow women while literacy was
more in Delhi. Majority of the women were housewives. In Bangalore
the family size was less « 5) as compared to two other centres.
In Delhi the number of families having two or three children
was more, while in both Bangalore and Delhi centres the experimental
group had more children compared to the control group. These
variations in socio-demographic and family characteristics
are important in explaining the variations in results among
the three centres.
The observation that there were no changes in factors of
subjective well being in the control area at 6 monthly and
one yearly follow-ups as opposed to the experimental area
where a number of changes were observed, indicates that intervention
does Indeed have an influence on well being.
In the areas where intervention was done, the measures 'positive
affect' and 'transcendence' did not show any change, indicating
that possibly these dimensions of well being change more slowly
or that the particular intervention performed was not adequate
enough and did not address these areas. Area related to expectations
regarding achievements of a material nature take time to improve
and the fact that this dimension improved in the experimental
area alone indicates that indeed this factor can be changed
by intervention. However, whether the congruence improved
because more achievement was made or whether expectations
of the women became more realistic is an issue which cannot
be resolved. Family intervention has a definite effect on
coping styles which enhances the importance of involving all
family members even when the index person is either the woman
or a child. The improvement in coping is in concordance with
improvement in family group support, the latter being one
of the most important facets in the current intervention.
Bangalore centre did not however show any improvement in this
factor which can be explained by