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motivate them and finally the formal permission was granted. The concerned CDPO's and supervisors were also given necessary instructions by the Directorate in this regard.

2. Selection of the two study areas

The two study areas namely a rural area and a city slum area were explored and a number of Anganwadi centres covered by six ICDS projects-Mohanlal Ganj, Chinhat, Sarojini Nagar, Bakshi Ka Talab, Itaunja and Aliganj were visited by the research team. By talking to the ICDS functionaries and local people, the functional status of these centres was determined and a list of twelve Anganwadi Centres (six each in the experimental and control areas) including four centres previously selected to carry out reliability exercises was prepared. These were thought to be the best functioning Anganwadi centres in the two study areas by the respective CDPO's. A sample of 180 families was randomly drawn from these Anganwadi centres.

b) Intervention Phase

1. Distribution of the sample

For the purpose of the present study the total sample of 180 families was divided into four groups i.e., experimental city slum area, experimental rural area, control city slum area and control rural area.

Each or these areas consisted  of 45 families of three Anganwadi centres (15 families from each centre). The name of the Anganwadi centres are given below :

1. Sukul Garhaiya Experimental city slum area(Khadara)
2. Masalchi Tola  
3. Rooppur Khadhara  
4. Mastipur  
5. Bhairvi Khara Experimental rural area (Mohan Lal Ganj)
6. Imiliha Khera  
7. Mansa Ram Ki Bagia Control city slum area (Khadara)
8. Maddey Ganj (Madhya)  

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