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carried out as described in the pilot phase. Here again the Anganwadi workers identified the families for both study and control group. Once the training was over the Anganwadi workers carried out the intervention for the study group on their own. A meeting was arranged once a month with the investigators to discuss the problems and clarifications were made. The research workers evaluated the chosen families on SWBI, HRC, cognitive tests, and nutritional status for children prior to the intervention. The Anganwadi, workers assessed the families before intervention on HRC (Kannada) alone and started the intervention for the study group and continued this for six months.

The process of intervention was to be recorded by the Anganwadi workers in log books. The format for this was formulated and translated into Kannada. They were taught to record their observations during interventions. The format is as follows:

Sl. No. of the visit
Family Details
Risk Factors (HRC)
Other Risk Factors
Family Resources
Inter-vention
Family's Reactions
AW's Remarks

B. Lucknow Centre

The entire work on family intervention at Lucknow Centre was divided into two phases:

a) Preparatory Phase
b) Intervention Phase

a) Preparatory Phase

The following tasks were undertaken during this phase

1. Incorporation of family interventions with the ongoing ICDS programme

To begin with, the Director and other senior officials of the ICDS programme were approached and the main objectives of the family intervention programme were explained to them. The ICDS officials were not convinced with our programme as it was considered to be too lengthy by them. Also, what we proposed was thought to be extra work for the Anganwadi workers (AW's) by these officials. Efforts were made to


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