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2. Emotional Index for the mother to assess her average happiness.

3. The HRC (short version) to identify risk factors.

4. Cognitive development tests-Gessel's drawing test, Digit span test, Speech comprehension tests and Picture vocabulary test for children between 3 and 6 years of age.

5. Nutritional status of children between 3 and 6 years of age in terms of their height and weight.

These evaluations were carried out at 0-months (prior to the intervention), 3 months, 6 months and 12 months (After the intervention).

Duration of the Intervention: The intervention was carried out for a total duration of 6 months by the Anganwadi workers who visited the families once a week to carry out the intervention. Each visit lasted for about 15-20 minutes. The research workers supervised the intervention process periodically i.e., fortnightly in the first month and monthly in the subsequent months.

Training for the Research Workers: The research workers were trained before starting this programme. Once they were oriented towards family intervention concepts, they visited the study areas, studied the set up in detail i.e., duties of the Anganwadi Workers, the activities already being carried out by them, feasibility of the present programme and the suitability of the Anganwadi Workers to carry out this work as part of their normal duties.

An intensive training programme consisting of both theoretical and practical aspects of family intervention was carried out for the research team under the supervision of the Principal Investigator. The training was done with the following aims:

  1. To enable the workers to identify a group of psychosocial risk factors which will point to need for family interventions.

  2. To equip the workers with skills to identify environmental as well as intra and interpersonal resources in the high risk families.

  3. To train the workers about the selection of suitable entry points for introducing interventions based on an analysis of resources and strengths in the family in terms of coping skills, social and family support, and areas of confidence and well being especially in the mother


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