1. Khanpur - An Urban Slum
2. Ladoo Sarai - A Semi Rural Area
Khanpur area covers slum clusters of Madangiri, Dakshinpuri,
Dakshinpuri Extn. Tigri and village Khanpur. This area is spread
on the left as well as right of M.B. Road. The population in
this area belongs to lower. socio-economic status and 80% of
them belong to Scheduled Caste. Most of the inhabitants are
daily bread earners and have no fixed income. They live in very
crowded area which is covered by Kaccha huts. Most of these
huts are illegal constructions (Jhuggies). Time and again these
huts have been demolished by the municipal corporation bnt they
again come up after some time. These hut clusters lack basic
amenities needed in life like proper water supply or electricity.
Most of these people have large families and are ICDS beneficiaries.
Ladoo Sarai - rural area
Ladoo Sarai is the rural area which was selected for the purpose
of research. Again the basic thing kept in mind was accessibility
to the area. The area is around 8-9 Km from Safdarjang Hospital
near Qutub Minar on the Mehrauli Road. This village has a population
of 10,000 approximately. The population here belongs to the
lower socio-economic status. They work as daily labourers, hawkers
and rickshaw pullers etc. The people who are original inhabitants
of this area are still agricultural farmers who work on nearby
fields on daily wages basis. Many of the people of this area
have migrated from regions of Bihar; Uttar Pradesh etc. in order
to seek employment and livelihood. Many of them stay in one
room dwellings rented out to them by some rich people of the
village, who have built a number of small rooms in a small area.
They pay a rent of Rs.500 to 600. In comparison to Khanpur slum
these people had the basic life amenities like electricity and
water. Most of these people are uneducated and do not respond
very well to any programmes which are not financiallly beneficial
to them. Their basic motivation to participate in any programme
like the intervention programme is to get certain material benefits.
On an average the family size of people of this area is also
very large due to lack of use of proper family planning procedures
or lack of understanding for the need of properly reared children.
Most of the residents of this area have more than 4 children.
When asked as to why they never felt the need for it and more
children in the family would mean more hands to earn.