a) Positive Feedback: It is always important to notice
positive aspects in any family and also demonstrate it to
them. This boosts their morale and motivates them for change.
b) Emotional support: Providing emotional support to the
family members, especially the mother will be an essential
part of any intervention, as it would reduce mental tension
to some extent and create trust towards the worker.
c) Negotiating between family members: The worker may sometimes
require to negotiate between different members in a family,
say for eg. between husband and wife in case of a severe marital
discord. The worker should also be able to demonstrate regotiating
skills to the family members. This will also help them in
resolving issues fighting.
d) Identifying hindrances in behavioural change: There could
be many problems and obstacles in bringing about change in
a family. It is very essential for the worker to identify
these problems, rather than blaming the family for not changing.
e) Using resources for the family: The worker needs to identify
and utilize resources when necessary. There may be individual,
family or community resources.
3) Referral to or Involvement of
an External Agency
At times it might be necessary to seek help from an external
source such as a relative, friend or an official agency. Issues
regarding health (mental and physical illness) will require
referral to the appropriate hospital while employment needs
may be met by the other agencies. If the worker feels the
need, he can involve relatives and friends or other community
members in helping solve the family's problems.
Specific Intervention for Individual
All the while, we were talking about certain general guidelines
necessary for carrying out the intervention. Now, let us come
to the specific risk factors and their intervention. The HRC
helps you identify the following 7 risk factors-adverse neighbourhood
environment, abject poverty, poor house keeping, characteristics
of the mother, severe marital discord, neurotic traits in
children and child neglect. How do you intervene in these
1. Adverse Neighbourhood Environment
If the conditions in the neighbourhood have to improve, like
keeping it clean, noise free and devoid of quarrels and antisocial