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a) Positive Feedback: It is always important to notice positive aspects in any family and also demonstrate it to them. This boosts their morale and motivates them for change.

b) Emotional support: Providing emotional support to the family members, especially the mother will be an essential part of any intervention, as it would reduce mental tension to some extent and create trust towards the worker.

c) Negotiating between family members: The worker may sometimes require to negotiate between different members in a family, say for eg. between husband and wife in case of a severe marital discord. The worker should also be able to demonstrate regotiating skills to the family members. This will also help them in resolving issues fighting.

d) Identifying hindrances in behavioural change: There could be many problems and obstacles in bringing about change in a family. It is very essential for the worker to identify these problems, rather than blaming the family for not changing.

e) Using resources for the family: The worker needs to identify and utilize resources when necessary. There may be individual, family or community resources.

3) Referral to or Involvement of an External Agency
At times it might be necessary to seek help from an external source such as a relative, friend or an official agency. Issues regarding health (mental and physical illness) will require referral to the appropriate hospital while employment needs may be met by the other agencies. If the worker feels the need, he can involve relatives and friends or other community members in helping solve the family's problems.

Specific Intervention for Individual risk factors
All the while, we were talking about certain general guidelines necessary for carrying out the intervention. Now, let us come to the specific risk factors and their intervention. The HRC helps you identify the following 7 risk factors-adverse neighbourhood environment, abject poverty, poor house keeping, characteristics of the mother, severe marital discord, neurotic traits in children and child neglect. How do you intervene in these cases?

1. Adverse Neighbourhood Environment
If the conditions in the neighbourhood have to improve, like keeping it clean, noise free and devoid of quarrels and antisocial behaviour, the


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