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indicating how certain family problems such as disharmony and inadequate stimulation can harm a child, by itself may lead to improvement in family functioning. Education is thus an important ingredient of any intervention programme.

2) Problem Solving & Counselling
Under certain circumstances education alone may not be enough because of the severity of family problems. When a family is preoccupied with its own problems, they may not be able to assimilate knowledge even when provided to them.

Under these conditions it is advisible to keep education for a later date and find solutions for the family's more pressing problems. The intervention worker should organize family meetings in which issues are discussed and solutions reached. This can be done by using the following approach:

  1. Delineating the problem in into smallest component parts.
  2. Identifying the most important problem (part to be changed).
  3. Offering solutions to the problem (which is done by the family with the help of the intervention worker).
  4. Discussing pros and cons of each solution.
  5. Implementing the solution which seems to be feasible (based on pros and cons).
  6. Evaluating the solution after it has been implemented.
  7. Praising change made in the family.

This simple approach can be followed by the intervention worker. initially, he can be part of the group and once a family learns to solve its own problems, the worker can gradually recede.

In addition to problem solving, the worker should encourage healthy communication of emotions and feelings between family members. He should encourage all the members to discuss issues and arrive at solutions amenable to all of them.

Counselling: It is necessary to counsel the family regarding various issues. But it should be simple and acceptable to the family. The following counselling techniques can be used.

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