indicating how certain family problems such as disharmony
and inadequate stimulation can harm a child, by itself may
lead to improvement in family functioning. Education is thus
an important ingredient of any intervention programme.
2) Problem Solving & Counselling
Under certain circumstances education alone may not be enough
because of the severity of family problems. When a family
is preoccupied with its own problems, they may not be able
to assimilate knowledge even when provided to them.
Under these conditions it is advisible to keep education
for a later date and find solutions for the family's more
pressing problems. The intervention worker should organize
family meetings in which issues are discussed and solutions
reached. This can be done by using the following approach:
- Delineating the problem in into smallest component parts.
- Identifying the most important problem (part to be changed).
- Offering solutions to the problem (which is done by the
family with the help of the intervention worker).
- Discussing pros and cons of each solution.
- Implementing the solution which seems to be feasible (based
on pros and cons).
- Evaluating the solution after it has been implemented.
- Praising change made in the family.
This simple approach can be followed by the intervention
worker. initially, he can be part of the group and once a
family learns to solve its own problems, the worker can gradually
In addition to problem solving, the worker should encourage
healthy communication of emotions and feelings between family
members. He should encourage all the members to discuss issues
and arrive at solutions amenable to all of them.
Counselling: It is necessary
to counsel the family regarding various issues. But it should
be simple and acceptable to the family. The following counselling
techniques can be used.