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  1. Show active involvement and understanding in executing the tasks.
  2. Praise and appreciate family's efforts. This increases their sense of improvement. If necessary, when you see changes, demonstrate them to the family. This gives them more confidence.
  3. Do not be directive or force a family to change. Instead show them the need to change and demonstrate healthier ways of functioning.
  4. Do not act as a judge or take sides. Try and understand each person's actions and behaviour and motivate them to change gradually on their own.
  5. Remember you cannot solve all the problems in a family. Your task is to initate the process of change and show the family how to handle problems. Subsequently, the aim is to help the family solve their problems themselves.
  6. Do not feel upset if you cannot change a family despite all your efforts. Remember, a family will change only if it feels the need. If a particular strategy is not working try a different approach but do not get disheartened if things do not work. May be the family wants to stay that way.

Once the problem is identified the intervention worker should take the following options for initiating change.

  1. Education.

  2. Problem solving i.e. helping discussions among family members regarding the problems and arriving at a solution and counselling.

  3. Referral to, or involvement of another agency.

1) Education

Very often families behave and do things in a certain way because of lack of knowledge and awareness. Educating them about these issues might be enough in solving minor problems in the family. Explaining to the family regarding normal psychosocial development of the child, the role of the family in the promotion of cognitive and emotional development and

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