2. Emotional atmosphere: Do the family members behave
cordially with each other, do they share emotions and feelings,
is there a 'we' feeling in the family?
3. Adequacy of role: Every
member has a certain role in the family -eg. the mother is
a housekeeper, a wife, a mother and her job is to manage the
family routine. Evaluate whether each family member is fulfilling
his/her role. Is there role strain (Too many roles that the
person finds difficult to manage)? Specially, where a person
is physically or mentally ill, the roles will be affected
and will hamper optimal functioning of the family.
4. Communication: How much
do family members talk to each other? Are there frequent quarrels
and misunderstandings? Do they praise each others efforts?
Do parents spend adequate time with each other and with the
5. Support Systems: What
kind of support does the family have? Do they have people
whom they can rely on in times of crisis? What is their relationship
with neighbours and relatives? Is there any religious or other
organization that can help them in times of need?
B. Identification of Resources
Every individual or family, however distressed or troubled,
has certain resources which help in coping with problems.
It is necessary that these are identified and supported in
order to enhance coping. Some of these internal attributes
may not be identified by disturbed individuals and it is the
task of intervention workers to highlight these positive resources.
1. Individual Resources
- Skills and abilities of an individual such as his/her
knowledge about his family's needs.
- Willingness to cooperate in the intervention.
- Adequate coping ability.
- Possessing any skill or ability which enables him or her
to help the family materially.
- Ability to act as a mediator or peace maker in the family,
depicted by the ability to solve problems in the past, handling
crisis and not being depressed and maintaining a positive
attitude despite problems.