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Family Interventions- General Guidelines and Specific Interventions

General Guidelines
Now let us say, you have identified a family at risk. You should know certain things to execute intervention. Our intervention consists of sensitisation of the family to the risk factors, talking to family members, advising them, giving suggestions that suit them and encouraging them as they make these new changes. One thing to be remembered is that a family's conditions cannot be changed totally and within a short span of time. Not being able to bring about visible changes in the family should not be considered a failure on the part of the worker. Each problem needs to be dealt with in different ways. The following part of the chapter deals with assessing the nature and extent of the family problem, identifying resources to be used in intervention and finally helping the family to change.

A. Assessing a Family Problem
Whenever you are approaching a family for intervention, remember that they have a better knowledge of their own strengths and weaknesses than you do, so do not try to force change. Initiate conversation and discuss problems in such a manner that they feel the need for help and a need for change. Remember that only when a family or a family member is., motivated for change will behaviour be altered.

As far as possible, try and meet the whole family or as many members as possible to understand how the family is functioning. There are certain areas of family functioning that you should specifically look at to arrive at the identification of risk factors and resources. These are

1. Identifying the leader: Find out if the family has a leader or is there shared leadership (for eg. two brothers, husband and wife) or is it a leaderless family? This is important as change can usually be initiated through the leader.

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